March 21, 2014
Outside the Palazzo Restaurant in Rome, 1950. The small trattoria was a favourite eating spot of Duce Benito Mussolini, who made a point of dining here once a month.

On 16 June 1952, Mussolini and his entourage were killed by a repurposed 154mm artillery shell “cooked off” in the establishment’s oven. A local anarchist group, the Sezione Nera, claimed responsibility, and it is believed that Vittorio Fiero, a waiter at the Palazzo with far-left sympathies (seen here leaning against the door) was the one who actually planted the bomb.

The Sezione Nera disappeared soon afterwards, leading many to claim that it had been a KGB front, and the assassination had been orchestrated by the USSR.

The allegations have never been proven.

Outside the Palazzo Restaurant in Rome, 1950. The small trattoria was a favourite eating spot of Duce Benito Mussolini, who made a point of dining here once a month.

On 16 June 1952, Mussolini and his entourage were killed by a repurposed 154mm artillery shell “cooked off” in the establishment’s oven. A local anarchist group, the Sezione Nera, claimed responsibility, and it is believed that Vittorio Fiero, a waiter at the Palazzo with far-left sympathies (seen here leaning against the door) was the one who actually planted the bomb.

The Sezione Nera disappeared soon afterwards, leading many to claim that it had been a KGB front, and the assassination had been orchestrated by the USSR.

The allegations have never been proven.

February 5, 2014
As laid out in his 1922 pamphlet Denn die Welt ist hohl, und ich habe den Himmel berührt, Peter Bender claimed that the Earth is not a sphere floating in space but is actually a bubble set in an infinity of rock, with humanity living on the concave inner surface and the sun, Moon, and what Bender called die Phantom-Universum (‘the Phantom Universe’) - a globe of blue gas studded with points of light which astronomers identify as stars - floating in the centre.  The radiation from the sun (“infinitely smaller and brighter than can ever be conceived by the foolish and orthodoxy-blinded!!” Bender 1922) exerts a downward pressure misinterpreted as the Earth’s gravitational pull. His Hohlweltlehre or ‘Hollow World Theory’ gained numerous adherents among the Nazi leadership following their rise to power.Sometime in 1942, a team under the leadership of infra-red optics specialist Dr. Heinz Fisher undertook an expedition to the Baltic island of Rügen to test Bender’s ideas. This photo shows members of  Sondergruppe Steinspiegel with a pair of Dr. Fisher’s Wenig Augen 22 infra-red telescopes; compact and thus easier to quickly scan across large areas of sky, they were used as sighting devices to provide alignment and aiming data for the much larger and more unwieldy Zyklopen 1.5m camera. By aligning these various devices 45° above the horizon, it was hoped that ultimately they would be able to obtain images of the British Fleet at Scapa Flow. The complete failure to obtain useful images of any sort  led to a total rejection of Bender’s cosmology, with the Third Reich’s astronomers wholly embracing Hans  Hörbiger’s WEL.   

As laid out in his 1922 pamphlet Denn die Welt ist hohl, und ich habe den Himmel berührt, Peter Bender claimed that the Earth is not a sphere floating in space but is actually a bubble set in an infinity of rock, with humanity living on the concave inner surface and the sun, Moon, and what Bender called die Phantom-Universum (‘the Phantom Universe’) - a globe of blue gas studded with points of light which astronomers identify as stars - floating in the centre.  The radiation from the sun (“infinitely smaller and brighter than can ever be conceived by the foolish and orthodoxy-blinded!!” Bender 1922) exerts a downward pressure misinterpreted as the Earth’s gravitational pull. His Hohlweltlehre or ‘Hollow World Theory’ gained numerous adherents among the Nazi leadership following their rise to power.

Sometime in 1942, a team under the leadership of infra-red optics specialist Dr. Heinz Fisher undertook an expedition to the Baltic island of Rügen to test Bender’s ideas. This photo shows members of  Sondergruppe Steinspiegel with a pair of Dr. Fisher’s Wenig Augen 22 infra-red telescopes; compact and thus easier to quickly scan across large areas of sky, they were used as sighting devices to provide alignment and aiming data for the much larger and more unwieldy Zyklopen 1.5m camera. By aligning these various devices 45° above the horizon, it was hoped that ultimately they would be able to obtain images of the British Fleet at Scapa Flow. The complete failure to obtain useful images of any sort  led to a total rejection of Bender’s cosmology, with the Third Reich’s astronomers wholly embracing Hans  Hörbiger’s WEL.
   

February 5, 2014
In a dramatic, never-before-seen photo, the moment directly before the so-called “Protest Shooting” is captured on film.

In 1924, failed author and WWI veteran Ernest Hemingway agreed to accompany several friends on a yacht trip across Lake Superior. When the boat was thirty miles out from shore, Hemingway produced a Lüger and proceeded to shoot and kill the yacht’s other passengers and then himself.

A suicide note found in Hemingway’s remote cabin expressed a violent rage at “the moneyed class” who had “drunk themselves insensible on Champagne while fine boys died in the mud”. The haunted veteran made it clear that he wanted to die, but would make sure to “take a few of the bastards with me”.

While tragic, the Protest Shooting led to a re-examination of the mental states of combat veterans, and further research into the crippling mental disorder shell shock.

In a dramatic, never-before-seen photo, the moment directly before the so-called “Protest Shooting” is captured on film.

In 1924, failed author and WWI veteran Ernest Hemingway agreed to accompany several friends on a yacht trip across Lake Superior. When the boat was thirty miles out from shore, Hemingway produced a Lüger and proceeded to shoot and kill the yacht’s other passengers and then himself.

A suicide note found in Hemingway’s remote cabin expressed a violent rage at “the moneyed class” who had “drunk themselves insensible on Champagne while fine boys died in the mud”. The haunted veteran made it clear that he wanted to die, but would make sure to “take a few of the bastards with me”.

While tragic, the Protest Shooting led to a re-examination of the mental states of combat veterans, and further research into the crippling mental disorder shell shock.

February 5, 2014

Anonymous asked: Ooh, can you post what would happen if America had joined the League of Nations after WWI?

comin’ up brother

February 4, 2014
3 Stooges (1934) was Monogram Pictures’ last release before going out of business the following year. Directed by Edgar G. Ulmer, this gritty - and for its era, extremely violent - melodrama about a trio of small-time grifters on the run from a vengeful mob boss has since been heralded by cinema historians as a significant step in the development of film noir in Hollywood.

3 Stooges (1934) was Monogram Pictures’ last release before going out of business the following year. Directed by Edgar G. Ulmer, this gritty - and for its era, extremely violent - melodrama about a trio of small-time grifters on the run from a vengeful mob boss has since been heralded by cinema historians as a significant step in the development of film noir in Hollywood.

January 9, 2014
LCpl. Jim Margolis of the 115th Special Projects Brigade is shown in this photo, attending several of the trained pigeons he studied as a member of the veterinary section. 

Pigeons were released from converted bombers in huge numbers from 1943 on, their small bodies used for everything from primitive radar jamming to clogging enemy engines. By 1945, they had been trained to carry and release small time- fused incendiary bombs, which were used to pacify targets deemed not important enough for bombers or close-support aircraft.

The photo is from 1944.

LCpl. Jim Margolis of the 115th Special Projects Brigade is shown in this photo, attending several of the trained pigeons he studied as a member of the veterinary section.

Pigeons were released from converted bombers in huge numbers from 1943 on, their small bodies used for everything from primitive radar jamming to clogging enemy engines. By 1945, they had been trained to carry and release small time- fused incendiary bombs, which were used to pacify targets deemed not important enough for bombers or close-support aircraft.

The photo is from 1944.

January 5, 2014

i know i haven’t posted for a while— i’ve been in israel, and i’m studying like crazy for my aptitude test, which i’m super scared about.

however, i want you all to know that this blog is NOT DEAD. as soon as i can get access to some decent wi-fi, posting will resume.

thank you for your patience.

3:34pm  |   URL: http://tmblr.co/Zm5WFs13OgPo5
  
Filed under: announcement 
December 1, 2013
A cartoon from a German-language Leipzig paper commenting on the 1938 signing of the Anti-Comintern Mutual Defence Pact, also known as the Rome-Berlin-Warsaw Axis. The Polish white eagle is shown conversing happily with the German black eagle, as the Gallic rooster tries to break up the party.
On 1 September 1939, German troops rolled over the Polish border “to train and supplement the Polish Army against the Soviet threat”. Within a year, Poland had become a German client state.
The longstanding rumours that Germany orchestrated the 1936 death of Wladyslaw Sikorski and used the manufactured panic to pressure Poland into signing the pact have never been conclusively disproved.

A cartoon from a German-language Leipzig paper commenting on the 1938 signing of the Anti-Comintern Mutual Defence Pact, also known as the Rome-Berlin-Warsaw Axis. The Polish white eagle is shown conversing happily with the German black eagle, as the Gallic rooster tries to break up the party.

On 1 September 1939, German troops rolled over the Polish border “to train and supplement the Polish Army against the Soviet threat”. Within a year, Poland had become a German client state.

The longstanding rumours that Germany orchestrated the 1936 death of Wladyslaw Sikorski and used the manufactured panic to pressure Poland into signing the pact have never been conclusively disproved.

November 27, 2013
This is the Charlton Automatic Rifle, an automatic conversion of the Lee-Enfield SMLE and its predecessor the Lee-Metford. Designed in 1941 by one Philip Charlton of New Zealand, the rifles were produced in response to a critical shortage of Bren and Lewis machine guns as the Japanese grew ever closer.
Around 1 500 were produced, nearly all of which were destroyed in a post-war warehouse fire.
TRUFAX

This is the Charlton Automatic Rifle, an automatic conversion of the Lee-Enfield SMLE and its predecessor the Lee-Metford. Designed in 1941 by one Philip Charlton of New Zealand, the rifles were produced in response to a critical shortage of Bren and Lewis machine guns as the Japanese grew ever closer.

Around 1 500 were produced, nearly all of which were destroyed in a post-war warehouse fire.

TRUFAX

November 27, 2013

alright gents, I’ve officially reached four hundred!

fine job, lads. glad you’ve all stuck with me so far.